Official Name of Country: Republic of Turkey
General Information: It is a dynamic emerging-market economy strategicallylocated between Europe and Asia, bordering the Mediterranean, Aegean and Black Seas.
Capital City: Ankara
Government: Parliamentary Democracy

Turkey’s membership of international organizations: Turkey is a founding member of the United Nations, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, a member state of the Council of Europe since 1949, and of NATO since 1952. Since 2005, Turkey is in accession negotiations with the European Union, having been an associate member since 1963. Turkey is also a member of the G20 industrial nations which brings together the 20 largest economies of the world.


Population 75 million (2011)
Labor Force (Population) 26.7 million (2011)
Median Age 29.7 (2011)
Official Language Turkish
President Abdullah Gul
Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan
Area 783,562.38 km²
Coordinates 39° 55′ North, 32° 50′ East
Time Zone GMT +2
Neighboring Countries Bulgaria, Greece, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia
Major Cities (Population) ‹stanbul (13.3 million), Ankara (4.8 million),‹zmir (3.9 million), Bursa (2.6 million), Adana (2.1 million)
Climate Temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters
Telephone Code +90
Country Code Top-Level Domain .tr
Electricity Voltage 220 V, 50 Hz
Currency Turkish Lira (TRY)
Financial Center Istanbul
GDP USD 772 billion (2011-Current Prices)
GDP Per Capita USD 10,444 (2011)
Exports Value USD 135 billion (2011)
Imports Value USD 241 billion (2011)
Tourism Revenue USD 23 billion (2011)
Tourist Number 31.5 million (2011)
Foreign Direct Investment USD 15.9 billion (2011)
Number of Companies with Foreign Capital 29,283 (2011)
Inflation Rate 10.4% (CPI-2011)
Major Exports Markets Germany (10.3%); Iraq (6.2%); UK (6.0%); Italy (5.8%); France (5.0%) (2011)
Major Imports Sources Russia (9.9%); Germany (9.5%); China (9.0%); USA (6.7%); Italy (5.6%) (2011)
Trade Agreements Customs Union Agreement with the EUFree Trade Agreements with Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Chile, Croatia, EFTA member countries (Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein), Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Macedonia, Montenegro, Morocco, Palestine, Serbia, Syria, Tunisia
Traffic Flow Right